|Ref: AWNS-18980909-2-1, bush scene in Apia, 1898, Sir George Grey Special Collectio|
To access the 'My pride, my treasure, my Samoa' collection, go to the Auckland Libraries, Heritage and Research channel/profile page on the Historypin website (you can click on the badge below), scroll down the page and click on the Collections tab and choose the Samoan collection.
|Link to AL Heritage & Research content on Historypin|
As the photos show, the late 19th century was a period of unrest in Samoa with the first Samoan Civil War between 1886 and 1894. Germany, UK and the USA had a strong presence in Samoa and all laid claim to different parts of the island. In March 1889 all these colonial powers sent warships to Apia Harbor, after Germany’s intervention in the civil war. On 15-16 March 1889, a violent storm hit Samoa and consequently destroyed 6 of the 7 warships in Apia Harbor, ending what was an imminent war.
|Ref: AWNS-18990407-4-1, British and American Bluejackets with Gatling Gun, 1899, Sir George Grey Special Collections|
The migration of the Samoan people to NZ started in the early 1900s. The Mau rebellion started in 1927 as a result of the Samoan people’s desire to be self governed in Samoa (‘Samoa mo Samoa’). NZ responded forcefully to the different forms of demonstrations. On Saturday 28 December 1929, NZ military police fired upon a peaceful Mau demonstration, killing at least 9 Samoans including high chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III. On January 1930 the Mau rebellions leaders were exiled and the movement suppressed.
By 1940 there were a large number of Samoan people who had already migrated to NZ. Key to this migration was the natural establishment of community through the Church. The Church is seen both a place of worship and a place where ‘village’ gathers. The Historypin collection includes images of the Samoan Congregational Church in Wiri 1985 and the Samoan Seventh Day Adventist Church established in 1987 and finding a home in Otara in 1990. Both these Churches are still active parts of the wider Samoan community today.
|Ref: Footprints 00659, School music festival, Otara, 1988, photograph reproduced by permission of Fairfax Media, South Auckland Research Centre|
Author: Liz Muliaga, Pacific Service Development